Ghana: 2021 Census Residential Proximity to Essential Service Establishments Report Launched


The 2021 Population and Housing Census Interim Report on Residential Proximity to Essential Service Facilities, which aims to help monitor the implementation of aspects of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), was launched in Accra.

The report focused on health, education, access to finance, and safety and security in relation to the SDGs.

Specifically, the report used georeferencing data generated from HPC 2021 to generate statistics on the availability of facilities offering education, health, financial and safety services.

The report shows the average distance people walk to access these services.

The government’s deputy statistician for social and demographic statistics, Dr Faustina Frempong, who provided the report’s highlight, said that 52% of residential structures nationwide were within a kilometer of a health institution.

She said 92% of people in urban areas were within a kilometer of a facility, while 35% of people in rural areas were within range of a health facility, 20% of people in rural areas were within reach of a health facility. rural people traveled between two and five kilometers to access health care.

Dr Frempong said 73% of the country’s rural residential clusters and 24% of the country’s urban areas do not have a health facility.

“On average, 40% of people living in residential structures walk more than two kilometers to access primary health care, while in rural areas, 44% of residents access primary health care within two kilometers, while that in urban areas it’s about 10%, ”said Dr. Frempong, said.

The government statistician said that according to international best practice, patients should not travel more than a kilometer to access health care.

Regarding proximity to education, Dr Frempong said that 73% of residential clusters in rural areas of the country did not have the required three levels of basic education of pre-primary, primary and lower secondary education. secondary.

“Almost a third of the country’s rural residential clusters (six percent of the country’s urban areas) do not have a facility providing health services,” she said.

Dr Frempong added that half of the residential structures (51%) in the country lived outside the recommended distance radius (1 kilometer) of the preschool.

Particularly for primary education, the deputy government statistician said that 72% of residential structures were within one kilometer of primary education and 99% of urban residential structures were within one kilometer and 70 % among residential structures in rural areas.

Regarding college education (JHS), Dr Frempong said that nationally, just over half (52.8 percent) of residential structures are within two kilometers of a access to a JHS facility, adding that Greater Accra had the highest percentage of 86 percent and nine regions had a percentage below 50 percent accessing JHS facilities within two kilometers.

Professor Samuel K. Annim, in his remarks, said the report should provide statistics on essential services such as education, health, finance and security for political decisions.

This, he said, was to stimulate discussion about the availability of essential services and to help decision makers ask if we have an ideal number of essential services.

Prof Annim said the study provided the number of health, educational and financial institutions as well as the number of police stations in the country.


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